Review and Progress

Research Progress of the Role of Purple Acid Phosphatase in Plant Response to low Phosphorus Stress  

Mengyan Zhou1 , Dongmei He1 , Yachao Li1 , Jing Liu1 , Xiangqing Ma1,2 , Ming Li1,2
1 College of forestry, Fujian agricultural and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 350002, P.R. China
2 Fujian Province fir Germplasm Innovation Engineering Research Center, Fuzhou, 350002, P.R. China
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Soil Biology, 2021, Vol. 12, No. 2   doi: 10.5376/msb.2021.12.0002
Received: 24 Mar., 2021    Accepted: 26 Mar., 2021    Published: 02 Apr., 2021
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This article was first published in Molecular Plant Breeding in Chinese, and here was authorized to translate and publish the paper in English under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Zhou M.Y., He D.M., Li Y.C., Liu J., Ma X.Q., and Li M., 2021, Research progress of the role of purple acid phosphatase in plant response to low phosphorus stress, Molecular Soil Biology, 12(2): 1-9 (doi: 10.5376/msb.2021.12.0002)

Abstract

Purple acid phosphatase (PAPs) is a kind of acid phosphatase, which can effectively hydrolyze organic phosphorus such as anhydrides and phosphates into inorganic phosphorus that can be directly absorbed and utilized by plants under acid conditions. It is one of the important mechanisms for plants to adapt to low phosphorus stress that roots enhance the synthesis and secretion of PAPs, which is also a typical feature of plants with high phosphorus use efficiency. There are universality and diversity of functional characteristics of PAPs in different plant types and genotypes, but the specific function and expression of most PAPs and their coding genes in response to low phosphorus stress still need to be improved. In this paper, the functional structure and protein characteristics of PAPs were analyzed, and the secretion of PAPs in plant roots and the biological function of PAPs coding gene under low phosphorus stress were reviewed, in order to provide reference for further understanding of the functional characteristics of PAPs in response to low phosphorus stress.

Keywords
Purple acid phosphatase; PAPs; Plant; Low phosphorus stress
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