Research Insight

Application and Economic Analysis of Pyrolysis Technology for Industrial Waste in Biofuel Production  

Kaiwen Liang
Agri-Products Application Center, Hainan Institute of Tropical Agricultural Resouces, Sanya, 572025, Hainan, China
Author    Correspondence author
Journal of Energy Bioscience, 2024, Vol. 15, No. 1   
Received: 11 Jan., 2024    Accepted: 15 Feb., 2024    Published: 27 Feb., 2024
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract

The increasing volume of industrial waste poses significant environmental challenges, necessitating sustainable waste management solutions. Pyrolysis technology, a thermochemical decomposition process, offers a promising approach for converting various types of industrial waste into valuable products such as bio-oil, syngas, and biochar. This study provides a comprehensive analysis of pyrolysis technology, encompassing its fundamental mechanisms, applications for different types of industrial waste, and economic viability. Key aspects include the definition and types of pyrolysis, the chemical and thermal processes involved, and the characteristics of feedstocks impacting the pyrolysis outcomes. The study highlights the potential of pyrolysis for processing plastics, rubber, electronic waste, and agricultural residues, emphasizing pre-treatment requirements and process optimization for maximum yield and efficiency. Additionally, an economic analysis of pyrolysis for biofuel production is presented, covering cost-benefit considerations, market value of pyrolysis products, and comparative analysis with other waste-to-energy technologies. Case studies of successful pyrolysis projects globally are examined to identify operational challenges, economic outcomes, and sustainability impacts. The study also addresses the environmental benefits, lifecycle assessment, and role of pyrolysis in the circular economy. Finally, policy implications, regulatory frameworks, and incentives for adopting pyrolysis technology are discussed, along with future research directions and emerging trends in the field. The findings underscore the significant potential of pyrolysis as a sustainable solution for industrial waste management and biofuel production, with implications for industry stakeholders and policymakers.

Keywords
Pyrolysis; Industrial waste management; Biofuel production; Economic analysis; Sustainable technology
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